Journal Submission Guidelines


1. Peer review policy

Strife is a refereed journal. The manuscripts are reviewed initially by the editors and only those papers that seem likely to meet the required standards of the journal, and fit within the aims and scope of the same, will be sent for peer-review. Full drafts submitted upon first acceptance to publish should be fully and properly formatted according to the present guidelines for the peer-review process to be initiated.

2. Submission types

Strife publishes Articles on the theme of conflict, broadly defined. Submissions may include studies of conflict in history, art and media, of the relationship between war and state, of the interrelation of war and society, analyses of strategy, operations and military tactics, diplomacy and international relations, as well as more narrowly defined subjects. There is no restriction as to period or geographical focus.
___As a rule, the topic selection is freely in the hands of the contributor, as long as it agrees with the thematic profile of the journal. From time to time, the editorial board may suggest topics, or set specific thematic boundaries for a given Issue; however, this will not be binding, and where the submission is outside the theme of a dedicated Issue, publication in the subsequent Issue will be possible. If in doubt about the appropriateness of a topic, or for any other relevant question, please contact our editors.
___In addition, Strife publishes Review Articles and Book Reviews of appropriate titles, as well as Feature Series of thematically related entries from Strife Blog, submitted originally under the coordination of a Series or Guest Editor and forwarded to the journal editors in a re-edited form in accordance with the present guidelines (see further under section 6).
___Strife does not normally accept unsolicited book reviews from contributors, but the editors might agree to publish such reviews in exceptional circumstances. The editors are always pleased to receive suggestions of individual books for review, or proposals for larger Review Articles, as well as requests by authors and publishers for reviews of recently published titles.

3. How to submit your paper

All submissions to Strife should be made electronically, in MS Word, and e-mailed as an attachment to our editor. Your e-mail should be clearly marked with the words 'Strife Journal Article', 'Strife Journal Book Review' or 'Strife Journal Feature Article' in the title. Please include five or six keywords with your submission and (for articles) an abstract of up to 100 words. Images are not to be inserted into the text, but are to be sent as a separate attachment. Please indicate their position in the text by [image 1: <caption>]. It should be noted that you are responsible for obtaining the publication rights for the images you want to submit with your work (see section 7 below).
___Contributors should check that their submissions conform to the submission and formatting guidelines below. It is not required to follow these at the earliest stage, i.e. when you submitting a rough preliminary draft to be considered for publication. Once the editors agree to publish, your draft should be reworked and formatted in accordance with the present guidelines before submission for peer and further editorial review.
___Only submissions which pass the initial editorial review stage are forwarded for peer-review.

4. Formatting and other conventions


Articles should be between 4,000-5,000 words in length, including footnotes but excluding addenda (abstract, appendices, etc).
___Articles shorter than 4,000 words will not normally be accepted.
___Articles longer than 5,000 words will be considered on a case by case basis. Publishing articles that far exceed the word limit remains a matter of editorial discretion of the Managing Editor of the Journal in consultation with the Coordinating Editor of the Journal.
___Where a submitted article is double the size, publication is still possible, although the editors reserve the right to request such submission to be split into two parts and submitted as two separate, albeit sequential articles. (Such 'double features' will normally be pubished in the same Issue, unless the editors, in consultation with the athour, agree otherwise.)

___Book reviews should be between 1,000-1,500 words.
___Book reviews shorter than 1,000 words may still be considered for publication, although shorter pieces are normally published on the Strife blog.

Required information for all submissions

  • Title of the article, set in bold, ranged left and unjustified.
  • Name of the author or authors directly below the title, followed by institution affiliation, if applicable.
  • Five or six keywords.
  • Abstract of up to 100 words.
  • For book reviews, full bibliographical data, including ISBN and price (for paperback, hardback and electronic edition, where applicable), set in bold, ranged left and unjustified.
  • All the above should be separated from the main text of the submission by two carriage returns.

General Formatting

  • Final submissions should contain a finalised, fully formatted text, with all corrections, insertions and/or deletions 'accepted', the comment bubbles removed, and all underlinings by font or colour, as well as all editorial markings of any kind, on the margins or elsewhere eliminated to leave the text as it should appear in the publication, in its final, clean form
  • The text should be double-spaced, with the margins on both sides set to 3cm.
  • The preferred font is Garamond.
  • The preferred font size is 12 for the main text and 10 for footnotes.
  • Roman, bold and italic type can be used, but use of typeface and size should be consistent throughout the paper.
  • Capitals should be used only where they are to appear in the finished text.
  • The text should be ranged left and unjustified, with no hyphenation.
  • Indents, underlining and tabs should be avoided unless absolutely necessary.
  • Chapter/section headings should be ranged left and in italics.
  • Paragraphs (and chapter headings, where applicable) should be separated by a full single carriage return (not just simple paragraph spacing as in the default MSWord2007 and later formatting).
  • Footnotes should be ranged left, separated from he text by a footnote separator and have no indents.
  • There should be only one space between words and only one space after any punctuation.
  • Please do not include headers or footers, except normal numeration of pages.

Spelling and Formatting Details

  • Strife prefers UK spellings for all articles, wherever the author is based. US spelling should be edited accordingly, excluding names of US organisations where the spelling should be retained. Thus, for example 'defence' (UK spelling) is the preferred form, but 'US Department of Defense' (in its original, US spelling).
  • Strife prefers 'First World War' to 'World War I', and 'Second World War' to 'World War II'.
  • Strife prefers dates (including 'last visited/accessed' references) to be written as '1 January 2000', not 'January 1, 2000' or other formats.
  • Strife prefers 'nineteenth century', to '19th century' or 'XIX century'.
  • Spellings in quoted texts should not be altered. If they are obviously incorrect, insert [sic] after the controversial spelling.
  • Imported foreign terms and expressions in Latin should be italicised where appropriate.
  • Quotations inside a narrative sentence should close with a full stop after the speech marks. Sentences which finish inside a quotation should be punctuated in the normal way, followed by speech marks. For example: Jill said, 'it was a nice day'. BUT Jill said, 'it is now raining. It was a nice day.'
  • Reference signs (numbers or, where appropriate, asterisks) should always follow, not precede punctuation marks in the text.
  • Strife prefers pages to be denoted as follows: 'p.' for a specific page; 'pp.' for either several non-sequential pages divided by commas, or for a page range. (For example: 'p. 1', 'pp. 1, 5, 23' and 'pp. 1-23').
  • When citing a source, please add the relevant page(s) or page range. These can only be omitted in cases of references to unipage online materials or in cases where the author is referring to the work as a whole or suggesting further reading on a (sub)topic.
  • In references to journal articles, Strife prefers 'Vol. 1, No. 1’ to 'vol. 1, no. 1' or to '1:1'.
  • Titles of books, articles and other sources should be capitalised. For example: William H. McNeill, The Pursuit of Power: Technology, Armed Force, and Society since A.D. 1000, not William H. McNeill, The pursuit of power: technology, armed force, and society since A.D. 1000
  • In footnotes, titles of books, articles and other sources should be written out in full upon first mention, with the exception of excessively long book titles (usually from the Late Medieval and Renaissance periods), where a shortened version of the title would be acceptable.
  • The number of the cited edition (6th/4th/ 12th edition) should be included in the reference only if the mention carries special significance, for example to highlight differences between editions or underscore the multiplicity of editions itself.
  • All footnotes referring to a particular place within a source, should include relevant page number(s) or page range. This is unnecessary if reference is made to a source as a whole, for example when suggesting further reading.
  • All references to online material should be given with the url in full, and accompanied by the date they were last accessed in parentheses.
  • Strife strongly discourages the rising modern practice of spontaneous acronym-making. Established acronyms (CIA; KGB; NATO; BBC; CNN; RT) are the norm and need little explanation, but authors should refrain from using acronyms where these are not widely established or remain limited for inside use (RHUL for Royal Holloway University of London; SJ/SB for Strife Journal/Blog, GWoT for the Global War on Terror, etc).
  • Strife prefers USA and U.S. (not U.S.A. and US); USSR (not U.S.S.R.); and UK (not U.K.).
  • Authors’ names should not be abbreviated at will, but should be given as they appear on the cited publication at first mention. So, if 'John Smith' on the book referenced, then it should be at first mention written out 'John Smith', not 'J. Smith'. Subsequent references to the same work should retain only the surname and the (possibly shorter version of the) publication’s title, as per normal practice.
  • 'Ibid.' should always be followed by a full stop, as it is an abbreviation.

Speech/quotation marks

___Strife prefers single speech marks for quotations, and double speech marks for quotations within quotations.

5. Reference style guide

All references should be presented as footnotes, not endnotes or in-text parenthetical notes. Care should be taken to retain consistency in the reference style throughout the submitted work in accordance with the present guidelines. Seemingly minor details (punctuation, capitalisation, spacing, etc) are important and should appear as prescribed below. Strife follows a customised version of Oxford note format for footnotes.
___Please note, that Strife does not accept references to video-materials published on social media websites, youtube and similar public video databases. This is due to the often transitory nature of the publication of materials on such websites. Strife may accept references to podcasts published online on academic or research archives or databases.

For books

M. Hardt & A. Negri, Empire (Harvard University Press, 2001), p. 154.
Subsequent citations: Hardt & Negri, Empire, p. 167. If immediately subsequent: Ibid., p. 168.

For book chapters

A. Kawar, ‘Palestinian Women’s Activism after Oslo’, in Suha Sabbagh, Palestinian Women of Gaza and the West Bank (Indiana University Press, 1998), p. 237.
Subsequent citations: Kawar, 'Palestinian Women’s Activism', p. 237. If immediately subsequent: Ibid., p. 237.

For journal articles

T. Barkawi & M. Laffey, 'Retrieving the Imperial: Empire and International Relations', in Millennium-Journal of International Studies, Vol. 31 (2002), p. 110.
Subsequent citations of the same: Barkawi & Laffey, 'Retrieving the Imperial', p. 124. If immediately subsequent: Ibid., p. 168.

For newspaper articles

P. Curtis, 'Universities Must Reveal Data on Dropout Rates and Teaching Time', in The Observer (1 November 2009), p. 8.
Subsequent citations: Curtis, 'Universities', p. 8. If immediately subsequent: Ibid., p. 8
Note. In subsequent citations, the page reference should only be given when an article extends across two or more pages.

For online newspaper articles

As above, but instead of page numbers, the article's url and the date last accessed.

For government or judicial documents, opinions and consultations

Generally the referencing conventions for books should be followed when such a publication appears in a book form, and referencing conventions for articles for shorter sources. In the case of an online publication without pagination, url and date last accessed should be entered instead of a page range.

For cinematic titles

1492: Conquest of Paradise, dir. by Ridley Scott (Paramount Pictures, 1992).
Subsequent citations: 1492: Conquest. If immediately subsequent: Ibid.

6. Feature series (instructions for Series and Guest Editors)

Blog entries published on Strife blog as part of a series under the coordination of a Series or Guest Editor should be re-edited before their publication in the journal as a feature series.
___Series or Guest Editors could edit the submissions of the entries themselves, or could return individual components of the series to contributors and request reformatting. All editing/reformatting must be done in accordance with the present submission guidelines.
___It is the responsibility of the Series or Guest Editors to review the final drafts of the series before submission to the journal, make last-minute edits where appropriate and/ or request additional corrections.
___ Additionally to the formatting guidelines outlined in sections 4-5 above, special care should be taken regarding the following:

  • In-text hyperlinks should be converted into proper references (which would include the relevant url written out in full) and added as footnotes, as appropriate.
  • Online references should be double-checked to confirm that links are still valid from the time of the entry’s original publication on Strife blog.
  • In the journal the date of the final review of all component articles by the Guest Editor will be given in the header as follows: ‘All web references were last accessed on XX month XXXX.’
  • Accordingly, the 'last access' dates should be eliminated from the individual footnotes of the submission, unless the link is no longer valid, in which case a note should be added in parentheses: ‘the source was available at <url> and was operational when last accessed, on XX month XXXX; at this time the material is no longer available’.

7. Acknowledgements and Permissions

Any acknowledgements other than references to scholarship or other sources should appear as an extra-footnote marked by an asterisk (*) after the title of your article. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an 'Acknowledgements' section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance.
___The authors are solely responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy excerpts of works previously published elsewhere.



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